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Prof. Dr. Reiner Klemd

Tel: +49 (0)9131 8522699
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Veröffentlichungen Prof. Klemd


  • Keith, M.; Haase, K.M.; Klemd, R.; Schwarz-Schampera, U.; Franke, H. (2016): Systematic variations in magmatic sulphide chemistry from mid-ocean ridges, back-arc basins and island arcs. Chemical Geology, doi:Opens external link in new window10.1016/j.chemgeo.2016.12.028.
  • Keith, M.; Häckel, F.; Haase, K.M.; Klemd, R., Krumm, S.; Strauss, H. (2016): Systematic variations of trace element and sulfur isotope compositions in pyrite with stratigraphic depth in the Skouriotissa volcanic-hosted massive sulfide deposit, Troodos ophiolite, Cyprus. Chemical Geology, 423, 7-18.
  • Keith, M.; Häckel, F.; Haase, K.M.; Schwarz-Schampera U.; Klemd, R. (2016): Trace Element Systematics of Pyrite from Submarine Hydrothermal Vents. Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 728-745.  doi:Opens external link in new window10.1016/j.oregeorev.2015.07.012
  • Klemd, R., Junge, M., Oberthür, T., Herderich, T., Schouwstra, R., Roberts, J. (2016) Platinum-group element concentrations in base-metal sulphides from the Platreef, Mogalakwena Platinum Mine, Bushveld Complex, South Africa. South African Journal of Geology, 119, 623-638.
  • Konopelko, D.; Klemd, R. (2016): Deciphering protoliths of the (U)HP rocks in the Makbal metamorphic terrane, Kyrgyzstan: Geochemistry and SHRIMP zircon geochronology. European Journal of Mineralogy, doi: Opens external link in new window10.1127/ejm/2016/0028-2602
  • Li, J-L.; Klemd, R.; Gao, J.; John, T. (2016): Poly-cyclic Metamorphic Evolution of Eclogite: Evidence for Multistage Burial–Exhumation Cycling in a Subduction Channel. Journal of Petrology, 57, 119-146.
  • Li, J-L.; Gao, J.;  Klemd, R.; John, T.; Wang, X.S. (2016): Redox processes in subducting oceanic crust recorded by sulfide-bearing high-pressure rocks and veins (SW Tianshan, China). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 171, 72. doi:Opens external link in new window10.1007/s00410-016-1284-2
  • Meyer, M.; Klemd, R.; John, T.; Gao, J.; Menneken, M. (2016): An (in-)coherent metamorphic evolution of high-P eclogites and their host rocks in the Chinese southwest Tianshan? Journal of Metamorphic Geology 34, 121-146.
  • Mühlberg, M.; Hegner, E.; Klemd, R.; Pfänder, J.A.; Kaliwoda, M.; Biske, Y.S. (2016): Late Carboniferous high-pressure metamorphism of the Kassan Metamorphic Complex (Kyrgyz Tianshan) and assembly of the SW Central Asian Orogenic Belt. Lithos, 264, 41-55.
  • Hong, T.; Klemd, R.; Gao, J.; Xiang, P.;  Xu, X.W.;  You, J.; Wang, X.S.; Wu, C.; Li, H.; Ke, Q. (2016): The tectonic evolution of the Irtysh tectonic belt: New zircon U-Pb ages of arc-related and collisional granitoids in the Kalaxiangar tectonic belt, NW China. Lithos, external link in new window10.1016/j.lithos.2016.12.001
  • Zong, K.Q.; Klemd, R.; Yuan, Y.;  He, Z.Y., Guo, J.; Shi, X., Liu, Y.S.; Hu, Z.; Zhang, Z.M. (2016): The assembly of Rodinia: The correlation of early Neoproterozoic (ca. 900 Ma) high-grade metamorphism and continental arc formation in the southern Beishan Orogen, southern Central Asian Orogenic Belt (CAOB). Precambrian ResearchOpens external link in new 12.010


  • Gao, J.; Wang, X.S.; Klemd, R.; Jiang, T.; Qian, Q.; Mu, L.X.; Ma, Y.Z. (2015): Record of assembly and breakup of Rodinia in the Southwestern Altaids: evidence from Neoproterozoic magmatism in the Chinese Western Tianshan Orogen. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 113, 173-193.
  • He, Z.Y.; Klemd, R.; Zhang, Z.M.; Zong, K.; Sun, L.X.; Tian, Z.L.; Huang, B.T. (2015): Mesoproterozoic continental arc magmatism and crustal growth in the eastern Central Tianshan Arc Terrane of the southern Central Asian Orogenic Belt: Geochronological and geochemical evidence. Lithos, 236-237,  74-89.
  • Huang, B.T.; He, Z.Y.; Zhang, Z.M. ; Klemd, R.; Zong, K.Q. (2015): Early Neoproterozoic granitic gneisses in the Chinese Eastern Tianshan: Petrogenesis and tectonic implications. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 113,  339-352. [doi>10.1016/j.jseaes.2014.08.021]
  • Jiang,T.; Gao, J.; Klemd, R.; Qian, Q.; Zhang, X.; Wang, X.; Tan, Z.; Zhu, Z. (2015): Genetically and geochronologically contrasting plagiogranites in Sotu Central Tianshan ophiolitic melanges: Implications for the breakup of Rodinia and subduction zone processes. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 113, 266-281. [doi>10.1016/j.jseaes.2014.10.015]
  • Kleinhanns, I.C.; Füllgraf, T.; Wilsky, F.; Nolte, N.; Fliegel, D.; Klemd, R.; Hansen, B.T. (2015): U-Pb zircon ages and (isotope) geochemical signatures of the Kamanjab Inlier (NW Namibia): constraints on Palaeoproterozoic crustal evolution along the southern Congo craton. In: Roberts, N. M.; van Kranendonk, M.; Parman, S.; Shirey, S.; Clift, P. D. (Hrsg.): Continent Formation Through Time, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 389, 165-195.
  • Klemd, R.; Gao, J.; Li, J-l.; Meyer, M. (2015):  Metamorphic evolution of (ultra)-high-pressure subduction-related transient crust in the South Tianshan Orogen (Central Asian Orogenic Belt): Geodynamic implications. Gondwana Research, 28, 1-25. Doi:10.1016/
  • Konopelko, D.; Klemd, R; Mamadjanov, Y.; Hegner, E.; Knorsch, M.; Fidaev, D.; Kern, M.; Sergeev, S. (2015): Permian age of orogenic thickening and crustal melting in the Garm Block, South Tien Shan, Tajikistan. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 113, 711-727.
  • Li, J-L.; Klemd, R.; Gao, J.; Jiang, T.; Song, J-H. (2015): A common high‐pressure metamorphic evolution of interlayered eclogites and metasedimentsfrom the 'ultrahigh‐pressure unit' of the Tianshan metamorphic belt in China. Lithos, 226, 169-182. Doi: 10.1016/jlithos.2014.12.006.
  • Lüders, V.;  Klemd, R.,  Oberthür, T.; Plessen, B. (2015): Different carbon reservoirs of auriferous fluids in African Archean and Proterozoic gold deposits? Constraints from stable carbon isotopic compositions of quartz-hosted CO2-rich fluid inclusions. Mineralium Deposita, 50, 449-454.
  • Mao, L.J., He, Z.Y., Zhang, Z.M., Klemd, R., Xiang, H., Tian, Z.L., Zong, K.Q. (2015): Origin and geodynamic significance of the early Mesozoic Weiya LP and HT granulites from the Chinese Eastern Tianshan. Lithos, 239, 142-156.
  • Wang, X. ; Gao, J. ; Klemd, R.; Jiang, T. ; Li, J. ; Zhang, X. ; Tan, Z. ; Li, L. (2015): Geochemistry and geochronology of a Precambrian high-grade metamorphic complex in an ophiolitic mélange of the Central Tianshan Arc Terrane, NW China. Precambrian Research 254, 129-148.
  • Yuan,Y.; Zong, K.; He, Z.Y.; Klemd, R.; Liu, Y.; Hu, Z.; Zhang, Z. (2015): Geochemical and geochronological evidence for an Early Neoproterozoic crystalline basement in the South Beishan Orogenic Belt, southernmost Central Asian Orogenic Belt. Precambrian Research 266, 409-424.
  • Zhang, X.; Klemd, R.; Gao, J.; Dong, L.H.; Wang, X.S.; Haase, K.M.; Jiang, T.; Qian, Q. (2015): Metallogenesis of the Zhibo and Chagangnuoer volcanic iron oxide deposits in the Awulale Iron Metallogenic Belt, Western Tianshan orogen, China. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 113, 151-172. [doi>10.1016/j.jseaes.2014.06.004


  • He, Z.Y.; Zhang, Z.M. ; Zong, K. ; Xiang, H.;  Klemd, R. (2014): Metamorphic P–T–t evolution of mafic HP granulites in the northeastern segment of the Tarim Craton (Dunhuang block): Evidence for early Paleozoic continental subduction. Lithos, 169, 1-13.
  • Jiang, T.; Gao, J.; Klemd, R.; Qian, Q.; Zhang, X.; Xiong, X.; Wang, X.; Tan, Z.; Chen, B. (2014): Paleozoic ophiolitic mélanges from the South Tianshan Orogen, NW China: Geological, geochemical and geochronological implications for the geodynamic setting. Tectonophysics 612-–613, 106-127.
  • Keith, M.; Haase, K.M.;  Schwarz-Schampera, U.; Klemd, R.; Petersen, S.; Bach, W. (2014): Effects of temperature, sulfur, and oxygen fugacity on the composition of sphalerite from submarine hydrothermal vents. Geology 42, 699-702.
  • Klemd, R.; Hegner, E.; Bergmann, H.; Pfänder, J.A.; Li, J.L.; Hentschel, F. (2014): Eclogitization of continental crust of the Aktyuz Complex during Late Palaeozoic plate collisions in the Northern Tianshan of Kyrgyzstan. Gondwana Research 26, 925-941.
  • Li, J.L.; Klemd, R; Gao, J.; Meyer, M. (2014): Compositional zoning in dolomite from lawsonite-bearing eclogite (SW Tianshan, China): Evidence for prograde metamorphism during subduction of oceanic crust. American Mineralogist 99, 206-217. [doi>10.2138/am.2014.4507]
  • Meyer, M.; Klemd, R.; Hegner, E.; Konopelko, D. (2014): Subduction and exhumation mechanisms of ultra-high and high-P oceanic and continental crust at Makbal (Tianshan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan). Journal of Metamorphic Geology  32, 861-884.
  • Möller, V.; Klemd, R.; Joachimski, M.; Barton, J.M., Jr. (2014): Hydrothermal controls on iron and lead mineralization on the farms Leeuwbosch and Cornwall, Thabazimbi District, South Africa. Ore Geology Reviews 63, 40-63 [doi>10.1016/j.oregeorev.2014.04.009]
  • Osbahr, I.; Oberthür, T., Klemd, R.; Josties, A. (2014): Platinum-group element distribution in base-metal sulfides of the UG2 chromitite, Bushveld Complex, South Africa—a reconnaissance study. Mineralium Deposita 49, 655-665.



  • Rojas-Agramonte, Y.; Herwartz, D.; Garcia-Casco, A.; Kröner, A.; Alexeiev, D.V.; Klemd, R.; Buhre, S.; Barth, M. (2013): Early Palaeozoic deep subduction of continental crust in the Kyrgyz North Tianshan: Evidence from Lu-Hf garnet geochronology and petrology of mafic dikes. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 166, 525-543.
  • Li, J.-L.; Gao, J.; John, T.; Klemd, R.; Su, W. (2013): Fluid-mediated metal transport in subduction zones and its link to arc-related giant ore deposits: Constraints from a sulfide-bearing HP vein in lawsonite eclogite (Tianshan, China). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 120, 326-362.
  • Meyer, M.; Klemd, R.; Konopelko, D. (2013): High-pressure mafic oceanic rocks from the Makbal Complex, Tianshan Mountains (Kazakhstan & Kyrgyzstan): Implications for the metamorphic evolution of a fossil subduction zone. Lithos 177, 207-225.
  • Klemd, R. (2013): Metasomatism During High-Pressure Metamorphism: Eclogites and Blueschist- Facies Rocks. In: D.E. Harlov ; H. Austrheim (Hrsg.) : Metasomatism and the Chemical Transformation of Rocks. Berlin Heidelberg : Springer-Verlag, 2013, (Lecture Notes in Earth System Sciences), S. 351-413. [doi>10.1007/978-3-642-28394-9_10]
  • Osbahr, I.; Klemd, R.; Oberthür, T.; Brätz, H.; Schouwstra, R. (2013): Platinum-group element distribution in base-metal sulfides of the Merensky Reef from the eastern and western Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralium Deposita 48, 211-232.



  • Li, J.-L.; Klemd, R.; Gao, J.; Meyer, M. (2012): Coexisting carbonate-bearing eclogite and blueschist in SW Tianshan, China: Petrology and phase equilibria. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 60, 174-187.
  • Zhang, X.; Tian, J.; Gao, J.; Klemd, R.; Dong, L.; Fan, J.; Jian, T.; Hu, C.; Qian, Q. (2012): Geochronology and geochemistry of granitoid rocks from the Zhibo syngenetic volcanogenic iron ore deposit in the Western Tianshan mountains (NW-China): Constraints on the age of mineralization and tectonic setting. Gondwana Research 22, 585-596. [doi>10.1016/]
  • John, T.; Gussone, T.; Podlachikov, Y.; Bebout, G.E.; Dohmen, R.; Halama, R.; Klemd, R.; Magna, T.; Seitz, M.J. (2012): Volcanic arcs fed by rapid pulsed fluid flow through subducting slabs. Nature-Geoscience 5, 489-492. [doi>10.1038/NGEO1482]



  • Klemd, R.; John, T.; Scherer, E.E.; Rondenay, S.; Gao, J. (2011): Changes in dip of subducted slabs at depth: petrological and geochronological evidence from HP-UHP rocks (Tianshan, NW-China). Earth Plant. Sci. Lett., 310, 9-20. [doi>10.1016/j.epsl.2011.07.022]
  • Long, L.; Gao, J.;  Klemd, R.; Beier, C.; Qian, Q.; Zhang, X.; Wang, J.; Jiang, T. (2011): Geochemical and geochronological studies of granitoid rocks from the Western Tianshan Orogen: Implications for continental growth in the southwestern Central Asian Orogenic Belt. Lithos 126, 321-340 [doi>10.1016/j.lithos.2011.07.015]
  • John, T.; Klemd, R.; Klemme, S.; Pfänder, J.A.; Hoffmann, J.E.; Gao, J. (2011): Nb Ta fractionation by partial melting at the titanite-rutile transition. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 161, 35-45.[doi>10.1007/s00410-010-0520-4]
  • Gao, J.; Klemd, R.; Qian, Q.; Zhang, X.; Li., J.; Tuo, T. (2011): The collision between the Yili and Tarim blocks of the Southwestern Altaids: Geochemical and age constraints of a leucogranite dike crosscutting the HP-LT metamorphic belt in the Chinese Tianshan Orogen. Tectonophysics 499, 118-131[doi>10.1016/j.tecto.2011.01.001]
  • Meyer, M.; John, T.; Brandt, S.; Klemd, R. (2011): Trace element composition of rutile and the application of Zr-in-rutile thermometry to UHT metamorphism (Epupa Complex, NW Namibia). Lithos 126, 388-401. [doi>10.1016/j.lithos.2011.07.013]



  • Graupner, T.; Niedermann, S.; Rhede, D. ; Kempe, U.; Seltmann, R.; Williams, C.T.; Klemd, R. (2010): Cathodoluminescence behaviour, chemical composition and noble gas isotope systematics of vein minerals in the Charmitan gold(-tungsten) mineralization (Uzbekistan). Mineral. Deposita 45, 667-682. [doi>10.1007/s00126-010-0299-2]
  • Pätzold, J.; Klemd, R.; Joachimski, M. (2010): Co-As mineralization at the mining district Bou Azzer-El Graara Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco. Zeitsch. angew. Geol. 51/2, 51-61.
  • Millonig, L.; Zeh, A.; Gerdes, A.; Klemd, R.; Barton, J.M. (2010): Decompressional Heating of the Mahalapye Complex (Limpopo Belt, Botswana) - A Response to Paleoproterozoic Magmatic Underplating? Journal of Petrology 51, 703-729. [doi>10.1093/petrology/egp097]
  • Klemd, R. (2010): Early Variscan allochthonous domains. The Münchberg Complex, Wildenfels, and Gory Sowie. In: Linnemann, U.; Romer, R.I. (Ed.) : Pre-Mesozoic Geology of Saxo-Thuringia – From the Cadomian active margin to the Variscan orogen. Stuttgart : Schweizerbart, 221-232.
  • Mederer, J.; Klemd, R. (2010): Gold mineralization at Bleida Far West, Bou Azzer-El Graara inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco. Zeitsch. angew. Geol. 51/ 2, 62-69.
  • Hegner, E.; Klemd, R.; Kröner, A.; Corsini, M.; Alexeiev, D.V.; Iaccheri, L.M.; Zack, T.; Dulski, P.; Xia, X.; Windley, B.F. (2010): Mineral ages and p-t conditions of late Paleozoic high-pressure eclogite and provenance of mélange sediments in the south Tianshan orogen of Kyrgyzstan. American Journal of Science 310, 916-950.
  • Natalin, B.; Charvet, J.; Klemd, R. (2010): Tectonic evolution and crustal structure of the Tian Shan belt and related terrains in the Central Asian Orogenic Belt: fourth and final workshop of the IGCP-480 project. Episodes 31, 58-62.
  • Beinlich, A.; Klemd, R.; John, T.; Gao, J. (2010): Trace-element mobilization during Ca-metasomatism along a major fluid conduit: eclogitization of blueschist as a consequence of fluid- rock interaction. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 74, 1892-1922.
  • Su, W. ; Gao, J. ; Klemd, R.; Li, J.; Zhang, X. ; Li, X. ; Chen, N.; Zhang, L. (2010): U-Pb Zircon geochronology of Tianshan eclogites in NW China: implication for the collision between the Yili and Tarim blocks of the southwestern Altaids. European J. Mineral. 22, 473-478. [doi>10.1127/0935-1221/2010/0022-2040]
  • Zeh, A.; Gerdes, A.; Barton, J.M.; Klemd, R. (2010): U-Th-Pb and Lu-Hf systematics of zircon from TTG's, leucosomes, meta-anorthosites and quartzites of the Limpopo Belt (South Africa): constraints for the formation, recycling, and metamorphism of Paleoarchean crust. Precam. Research 179, 50-68.
  • Bröcker, M.; Klemd, R.; Kooijman, E.; Berndt, J.; Larionov, A. (2010): Zircon geochronology and trace element characteristics of eclogites and granulites from the Orlica-Snieznik complex, Bohemian Massif. Geol. Mag. 147, 339-362. [doi>10.1017/S0016756809990665]